Main findings of fieldtrip to Arusha, Tanzania

Alexander Holm Koch, who went to India with UBU in May has made the following summary of his trip.

During the fieldtrip to Arusha I investigated the water supply in the eight villages, which the project are covering. The main purpose of the field trip was to clarify which water schemes that are working and existing in the different villages. Mapping the infrastructure to achieve a better overview of how the villages and sub villages are supplied was a main part of the field trip as well. Furthermore, interviews of inhabitants, chairmen, school leaders and teachers etc. have been done to identify the water schemes and problems with those.

UBU have worked in the area since 2005 and working with the newly established water board MEWIWASU, which should manage the Likamba pipeline. The pipeline has its intake at the foot of Mt. Meru and supply two rural villages (Likamba and Losikito) and the peri-urban areas (Ngaramtoni, Ekenywa, Ilkiushin and Olorien). Due to insufficient maintenance the intake clogs during the rainy season with sand and silt, and therefore no allocation occurs. Furthermore, the rural villages Likamba and Losikito do not experience any allocation from the Likamba pipeline due to high use upstream. It is measured that the intake is able to supply between 28-36 thousand people with a demand of 50L/person/day.

The four peri-urban villages (Ngaramtoni, Ekenywa, Ilkiushin and Olorien) have the better access to water than the rural areas (43.000 inh.). The Likamba pipeline mainly supplies the peri-urban villages in the dry season, except Ekenywa, which has other water schemes. In the wet season, the inhabitants are walking further to fetch water at public taps in their own or other neighbouring villages. The World Bank (WB) is establishing a new water scheme, which will supply most of the peri-urban areas, except some rural sub-villages in Ekenywa and Ilkiushin. The Arusha urban water authorities would be in charge of the water schemes in the peri-urban areas and they would establish a user paid system. When the WB water supply scheme is running, the peri-urban villages should not fetch water from the Likamba pipeline. This would lead to larger allocation to downstream users in Likamba and Losikito.

The rural areas include Likamba and Losikito where UBU have been working before, and two new communities (Oloitushula and Nengung’u) (12.800 inh. in total). Many different water schemes are present in these villages and the majority is unreliable across the year. Only few public taps are available in each village, which means that the inhabitants have to walk up to seven kilometres each way to fetch water. The WB has started to establish a water scheme for the rural areas as well. The WB water schemes is planned to run from spring 2015. There is no plan for who should be managing the system when it is finished. It is concluded that the rural areas should form a COWSO (Community Owned Water Supply Organisation), which should be in charge of establishing a user paid system and maintain the different water schemes in the rural areas. The long time purpose for the COWSO is to build up economic capacity and extend the water supply.

The interviews also indicated that the sanitation coverage and knowledge about proper hygiene was poor in both the rural and peri-urban areas. In the next application UBU should focus on a training and information within these problems.

During the fieldtrip, I have been working with the local NGO CBHCC, which has been working with WASH related projects in Tanzania. The cooperation has been good and for the next application UBU should work close together with CBHCC and use their experience for related projects in Tanzania.

– Alexander Holm Koch

If you think a project like this is interesting and want to work with water and sanitation in Tanzania together with UBU, please write an e-mail to For more information about this field trip and the entire report contact Alexander;